US Marines: “Es gab keine Sieger”

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So sieht es die Londoner “Daily Mail”. Das US Marine Corps führt seine Geschichte auf 1775 zurück. “Daily Mail” macht die US Marines jünger und verlegt ihre Gründung ins 19. Jahrhundert. Waffen: SA 80 gegen M27.

Wie Royal Marines publizieren nun auch die US Marines Fotos, auch sie von Operators mit offenem Gesicht. Nahkampftraining der US Marines.

Das musste ja kommen. Die stolzen US Marines lassen die britischen Siegesmeldungen aus der Mojave-Wüste nicht auf sich sitzen. Die triumphierenden Texte und Bilder der Royal Marines kamen ihnen in den falschen Hals.

Sie stellen schlicht in Abrede, dass es im Manöver “GREEN DAGGER” zwischen ihnen und Briten, Kanadiern, Holländern und Arabern überhaupt Sieger und Besiegte gab. Als Sprecher der Manöverleitung trat der US Marine Captain Zachary Colvin mit Details vor die Medien.

  • “GREEN DAGGER” habe vom 25.–30. Oktober als Manöver auf Gegenseitigkeit stattgefunden. Die US Marines hätten ein klar definiertes Ziel verfolgt: Jeweils das 2. Bataillon der 5th und 7th Marines bildeten die angreifende Littoral Response Group. Der Commandant der Marines, General Berger, verpasst seinem Eliteverband derzeit eine neue Doktrin, in deren Focus die neue Littoral Response Group steht.

US Marines im Manöver “GREEN DAGGER”.

  • Laut Captain Colvin sei es darum gegangen, innerhalb der neuen Doktrin den Angriff gegen einen hochkarätigen Gegner zu erproben. 30 Commando Royal Marines habe mit den drei Alliierten diesen starken Feind gestellt. Spezialkräfte zögen den besten Nutzen aus der Begegnung mit gleichwertigen Formationen. “IRON ON IRON” oder “Iron sharpens Iron”, Eisen gegen Eisen, laute die Devise.
  • Von Anfang an sei aber das Manöver nicht auf Sieger und Verlieren angelegt gewesen, sondern auf die gegenseitige Verbesserung der eigenen Fähigkeiten. Dieses Ziel hätten die US Marines voll und ganz erreicht. Es sei verfehlt, wenn die Royal Marines nun einen “Sieg” feierten und ihre amerikanischen Kameraden als “Verlierer” hinstellten. Auch von “Dominanz” und “Unterwerfung” sei nicht die Rede gewesen.
  • Captain Zachary Colvin fungiert im Marine Air Ground Combat Center als Strategiechef.

Bewertet wird auch die Artillerie. Feuerunterstützung der US Marines.

Umstrittenes “kill board”

Für Spezialkräfte unüblich offen referierte Captain Colvin auch über das “kill board” der Manöverleitung, mit dem die Royal Marines ihre Überlegenheit zu dokumentieren sjchen. Laut Colvin ist das “kill board” ein Instrument des “Relative Combat Power Assessment (RCPA)”, frei übersetzt die vergleichende Einschätzung der Kampfkraft von Manövertruppen. Man messe:

  • Operators: Sinnvoller Einsatz der Munition, Trefferquote, Gefechtsverhalten.
  • Führung: Taktik, Technik, Durchsetzung.
  • Feuerunterstützung: Munitionseinsatz, Treffergenauigkeit, Zeit.
  • Gesamthaft: Gefallene, Verwundete, Bestand bei Manöverende.

Auch in dieser Hinsicht könne, so Captain Corvin, werden von Dominanz noch Unterlegenen gesprochen werden.

“Krieg der Worte”: unentschieden

Der Krieg der Worte wird von zwei in aller Welt anerkannten Eliteformationen ausgetragen: den US Marines, entstanden 1775 und den Royal Marines, gegründet 1664. Im Moment steht das Duell 1:1 unentschieden.

Zu den Gewinnern gehört die Öffentlichkeit. Selten lassen sich Spezialkräfte so in die Karten schauen wie die Amerikaner und Briten bei “GREEN DAGGER”. Selbst bildhaft offerieren die beiden Manöverparteien alles, was man sich wünscht – selbst Operators mit unbedecktem Gesicht.

Gefecht am Rande der Mojave-Wüste, auf dem Waffenplatz der US Marines.

 

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nd control the scenario, injecting advantages and creating challenges that test systems and commanders’ response.

A ‘kill board’, more formally known as a Relative Combat Power Assessment (RCPA), keeps track of how the exercise is playing out, as combatants use training ammunition, which fires with reduced pressure and velocity, along with hi-tech simulators for heavier firepower like artillery, and live ammo on expansive ranges.

A long-range commando assault with fighter jet support eventually defeated the American forces, who had launched a last-minute attack but were repelled, it was reported

 

Royal Marines were said to have ‘dominated’ US forces just days into a training exercise after eliminating nearly their whole unit. Pictured: A Royal Marines commando training in exercise Green Dagger at the US Marine Corps’ Twentynine Palms base in the Mojave Desert in southern California

The Marines’ ‘kill board’, which assesses damage done to enemy assets, had a tick against nearly all American assets at one point, meaning it had been rendered inoperable or destroyed, reports revealed

Exercise Green Dagger is designed to test the US Marine Corps prior to units deploying overseas, covers more than 3,500 square kilometres of mountainous and desert terrain

A comparison of Britain’s Royal Marines and the United States Marine Corps, who faced off in the training exercise

Royal Marines, alongside allies from the Netherlands, Canada and the UAE, had claimed a victory against the US Marine Corps in a training exercise

 

Combatants used training ammunition, which fires with reduced pressure and velocity, along with hi-tech simulators for heavier firepower like artillery, and live ammo on expansive ranges

 

Royal Marines using the ‘Viking’ transport during the exercise Green Dagger in southern California, where they defeated US forces

Pictured: US Marines with 3rd Assault Amphibian Battalion alongside Royal Marines with Armoured Support Group Royal Marines 3 Troop, during Exercise Green Dagger at Twentynine Palms

Royal Marines are seen during exercise Green Dagger at Marine Corps Air Ground Combat Center, California

British forces were trialing the new Littoral Response Group (LRG) structure, which will be the new template for commandos – who are to become more flexible and mobile under reforms directed by First Sea Lord, Admiral Sir Tony Radakin. LRGs are Royal Navy task groups centred on commando forces set up to respond to world events

The exercise includes urban settings where actors, who are not following a script, play civilians who can choose to help or hinder the military forces

The Royal Marines trained with counterparts from the US, Canada, UAE and the Netherlands in the weeks before the main exercise

The Royal Marines trained with counterparts from the US, Canada, UAE and the Netherlands in the weeks before the main exercise

British forces, along with allies from Canada, the Netherlands and the UAE, were said to have won a decisive victory against US forces in a training exercise

British artillery units helped achieve ‘victory’ by concentrated on eliminating enemy vehicles and opposing artillery

By the end of the exercise, the Royal Marines held more than 65 per cent of the training area, having begun with less than 20 per cent, it was claimed

 

ROYAL MARINES: A HISTORY OF VICTORY

1664: As the Second Dutch War broke out, a special regiment of 1,200 men were trained for the Duke of York and Albany’s Maritime Regiment of Foot – the Royal Navy’s earliest form of raiding force and the foundation of today’s Royal Marines.

1704: Six Royal Marrines regiments are raised for the War of Spanish Succession, fighting with a brigade of soldiers who attacked Gibraltar and held its fortress while under constant siege from the enemy.

1805: At the Battle of Trafalgar, Lord Nelson defeated French and Spanish troops off Cape Trafalgar on October 21 with Royal Marines making up more than 10% of his force. One officer, Second Lieutenant Roteley, described the scene as being ‘like a hailstorm of bullets passing over our heads on the poop, where we had forty Marines with small arms’.

1915: The Ottoman Empire entered World War I in 1915, and the Royal Marines were part of the force tasked with opening the Dardanelles in the Gallipoli Campaign. Two battleships brought Marine detachments who accomplished their tasks and re-embarked.

1918: On St George’s Day, 1918, British naval forces launched a raid on Zeebrugge to deny German U-boats, based in Bruges, access to the English Channel. A force of Royal Marines landed along the Zeebrugge Mole and destroyed German guns, leading to three ships being sunk, blocking the canal.

1942: Winston Churchill, trying to find a way to more effectively fight Hitler with fewer resources, ordered the creation of the commandos – highly-trained personnel who would go on to play crucial roles in the Arakan campaign, the Allied landings in Sicily and the 1944 invasion of Normandy.

1982: Royal Marines played an active role throughout Britain’s defence of the Falkland Islands from Argentinian invasion. Towards the end of the crisis, M Coy Gp landed from a small task group to reclaim Southern Thule in the South Sandwich Islands.

2001: The Royal Marines are at the vanguard of the British war effort in Afghanistan, mounting a 13-year-long counter-insurgency campaign.

2003: 40 Commando is deployed to north west Iraq, secures initial targets and advances towards Basra, facing heavy fire for three days before taking over Saddam Hussein’s palace. Just hours later, commandos were distributing crucial humanitarian aid in the country.

2017: After Hurricane IRMA in September 2017, personnel from 3 Commando took part in an international relief operation in the Caribbean. More than 400 men and women deployed in 72 hours, helping to repair 22 schools and five hospitals, and distribute 30 tons of food and 60,000 litres of water.

Troops from 3 Commando Brigade and Taunton-based 40 Commando had spent the last two months in the Mojave Desert preparing for deployments next year.

Their time in the US culminated with the five-day simulated conflict Green Dagger, which is designed to test the US Marine Corps prior to units deploying overseas.

The mock battlefield covers more than 3,500 square kilometres of mountainous and desert terrain, including urban settings where actors, who are not following a script, play civilians who can choose to help or hinder the military forces.

The Royal Marines trained with counterparts from the US, Canada, UAE and the Netherlands in the weeks before the main exercise.

The British forces were said to have achieved their victory by targeting the American headquarters and equipment, severely hampering the ability of US combatants to launch counter-attacks.

Artillery units also concentrated on eliminating vehicles and opposing artillery.

A long-range commando assault with fighter jet support eventually defeated the American forces, who had launched a last-minute attack but were repelled, reports said.

British forces were trialling the new Littoral Response Group (LRG) structure, which will be the new template for commandos – who are to become more flexible and mobile under reforms directed by First Sea Lord, Admiral Sir Tony Radakin.

LRGs are Royal Navy task groups centred around commando forces and set up to respond to world events.

Following the restructuring of the Marines, Nato’s northern and Baltic flanks will be covered by the UK-based LRG (North).

LRG (South), built around Taunton-based 40 Commando, will be based around Oman’s port of Duqm, operating with a focus on British military activity in the Indo-Pacific.

Each LRG will be capable of working with the carrier strike group to assemble an expeditionary strike force which can operate anywhere in the world.

The exercise focused around three urban sprawls which were defended by allied forces, the largest of which consisting of 1,200 buildings purpose built for military testing.

The Marines were reported to have won decisive battles early on and gained ground from their enemy, but amid a US Marines counter-attack, commandos carried out raids behind enemy lines.

The exercise concluded with a last-minute assault by US forces, which was repelled.

‘Our success has proved the new commando force concept is more lethal and sophisticated than ever before and I am immensely proud of every member of the LRG and their vital contributions,’ said Lieutenant Colonel Andy Dow, Commanding Officer of 40 Commando.

‘Operating alongside our partners from the USA, Netherlands, Canada and the UAE gives us a fantastic opportunity to test, integrate and continue to push our capabilities in new and innovative directions.

‘Throughout this deployment our focus has been on integrating game-changing capabilities from across the commando force to deliver disproportional effect in the face of a free-thinking peer adversary.’

Royal Marines reportedly ‘dominated’ US forces just days into a training exercise after eliminating nearly their whole unit

American combatants asked for a 'reset' halfway through a five-day simulated war exercise at the US Marine Corps' Twentynine Palms base in the Mojave Desert in southern California, having taken significant casualties from British commandos using a new battle structure, it was reported

American combatants asked for a ‘reset’ halfway through a five-day simulated war exercise at the US Marine Corps’ Twentynine Palms base in the Mojave Desert in southern California, having taken significant casualties from British commandos using a new battle structure, it was reported

A mortar position is pictured during the five-day simulated war exercise at the US Marine Corps' Twentynine Palms base in the Mojave Desert in southern California

A mortar position is pictured during the five-day simulated war exercise at the US Marine Corps’ Twentynine Palms base in the Mojave Desert in southern California

Following the restructuring of the Marines, Nato’s northern and Baltic flanks will be covered by the UK-based LRG (North). LRG (South), built around Taunton-based 40 Commando, will be based afloat around Oman’s port of Duqm, operating with a focus on British military activity in the Indo-Pacific. Each LRG will be capable of working with the carrier strike group to assemble an expeditionary strike force which can operate anywhere in the world

Exercise Green Dagger covers more than 3,500 square kilometres of mountainous and desert terrain

Royal Marines brought a decisive defeat of the American combatants, who asked for a 'reset' halfway through the five-day simulated war exercise in the Mojave Desert, it was reported

Royal Marines brought a decisive defeat of the American combatants, who asked for a ‘reset’ halfway through the five-day simulated war exercise in the Mojave Desert, it was reported

A long-range commando assault with fighter jet support eventually defeated the American forces, who had launched a last-minute attack but were repelled, reports said

Royal Marines trained with forces from the US, Canada, UAE and the Netherlands in the weeks before the main exercise