Geheimdienst zwingt Firmen zur Spionage

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Die Redaktion dankt ihrem Amerika-Korrespondenten Oberst i Gst Jürg Kürsener für den Hinweis auf den Lagebericht des US Departementes für Homeland Security. Gleich im ersten Kapital legt die Behörde den Finger auf die Gefahren aus dem Cyberwar. Hervorgehoben wird Russland, dem der Rapport “eine der raffiniertesten Cyberfähigkeiten der Welt* zuschreibt. Man beachte in der folgenden Originalpassage den letzten Punkt: das russische Gesetz, wonach der Auslandgeheimdienst FSB russische Firmen zwingen kann, der Cyberspionage in den USA Tor und Tür zu öffnen.

“Russia—which possesses some of the most sophisticated cyber capabilities in the world— can disrupt or damage U.S. critical infrastructure networks via cyber-attacks. Russian state-affiliated actors will continue targeting U.S. industry and all levels of government with intrusive cyber espionage to access economic, policy, and national security information to further the Kremlin’s strategic interests.

  • Russia probably can conduct cyber-attacks that would result in at least localized effects over hours to days and probably is developing capabilities that would cause more debilitating effects.
  • We expect Russian cyber actors to use a range of capabilities including social engineering, publicly known software and hardware vulnerabilities, poorly configured networks, and sophisticated “zero-day” attacks that exploit security weaknesses in software.
  • Under Russian law, the Federal Security Service (FSB) can compel Russian firms doing business in the United States—or Russians working with U.S. firms—to comply with FSB information sharing and operational mandates, presenting additional routes for cyber espionage.”